Scientific organization of labor as a means of increasing competitiveness in preparation for the WorldSkills championship
Changes in the formation of a new technological foundation are based on the introduction of innovative scientific achievements in all spheres of society, therefore, there is an acute issue of the availability of scientific and technical potential and high-tech production, the solution of which largely depends on the quality level of professional personnel and their competitiveness. The article describes the essential content of the system of scientific organization of labor in preparing participants for the WorldSkills championship and gives the analysis of domestic and foreign scientific literature, revealing the principles of the scientific organization of labor to improve competitiveness in professional activities. The purpose of the study is to theoretically substantiate the use of the principles of scientific organization of labor to increase competitiveness in preparation for the WorldSkills championship. The methodological basis of the study is the idea of technological, competence, systemic approaches, general scientific methods of comparative analysis (historical retrospective), synthesis and generalization. The theoretical significance of the article is as follows: the authors reveal the content of the labor scientific organization concept to increase competitiveness in preparation for the WorldSkills championship as a process of organizing professional labor aimed at increasing its productivity; present a retrospective of the views of Russian and foreign scientists on the essence of the concept of labor scientific organization, which includes elements and tasks of labor organization, revealing the importance of the process under study for the system of effective training of competitive personnel; examine the systems of labor motivation in different periods of our country development; substantiate the principles of scientific organization of labor to increase competitiveness in preparation for the WorldSkills championship. The practical significance of the article lies in the fact that the conclusions and provisions contained in it reveal the principles of the scientific organization of labor to increase competitiveness in preparation for the WorldSkills championship, which is confirmed by the results of the study. The authors note that the main emphasis should be placed on early vocational guidance, motivation and stimulation of young people and students, increasing the prestige of blue-collar occupations with the help of forms and methods of vocational training, which are based on the principles of the scientific organization of labor.
The task of forming economic competence is important for education majors primarily due to the high social responsibility of teachers. Successful effective professional activity of a teacher is possible when combining personal values in economic relations with social ones, which is reflected in the results of educational activities. The relevance of the problem under study is due to the need to form new approaches to the development of economic competence of students in the context of an intensive transformation of economic relations concerning social spheres. The purpose of the study is to develop a model for the formation of the economic competence of education majors – future teachers. The analysis of the study was made on the basis of a universal model of economic competence formation among university students, proposed by G.M. Morozova, including theoretical research of her dissertation and articles, and the works of other scientists. The scientific articles on the formation of the economic competence among pedagogical students made up the material for the study. Research methods: generalization, analysis and synthesis of information, comparison. The leading method of researching the problem involves modeling based on a didactic approach to teaching Economics to non-Economics majors. The main results of the study allowed us to conclude that the universal model of the economic competence formation among university students proposed in the dissertation by G.M.Morozova is suitable as a structural model for the formation of the economic competence among education majors, allowing to save time and educational resources in the implementation of structural ties in models that are discussed in detail in this article. In this regard, there is reason to believe that the model is open for flexible adjustment according to changing conditions, forms and methods of education, which can also be assumed in relation to similar models for other specialties. The theoretical significance of the study is reflected in the visualization of the main universal provisions of the dissertation by G.M. Morozova in the formation of the economic competence of university students, presented in the form of a structural diagram. Accordingly, the practical significance of the study indicates the flexibility of the presented scheme-model, according to the authors of the study, open for changes in various areas of education.
The development of personal and professional qualities of future teachers in the framework of project-based learning
The relevance of the project-based learning is due to the demand of society for the training of specialists - future teachers who would be ready to solve non-standard problems that are reflected in a practice-oriented activity. The purpose of this study is the theoretical justification of project-based learning at the university for the development of personal and professional qualities of future teachers. The methodological basis of the research are the ideas of developing education and the activity-oriented approach, general scientific methods of comparative analysis, synthesis and generalization. The theoretical significance of the article is as follows: the authors reveal the concept content of the project-based learning in the university as a purposeful, organized in a special way pedagogical process of creating a case situation of subjects interaction to make a product, the quantity and quality of which corresponds to the set goal; analyze the forms of project-based learning and the professional and personal qualities of future teachers developed in the course of it. The practical significance of the article lies in the fact that the conclusions and provisions contained in it reveal the ways of organizing project-based learning at the university for the development of personal and professional qualities of future teachers, and the considered stages of organizing a particular practice-oriented project "Organization of a competition for creating a design for the pedagogical faculty environment" clearly illustrate the presented theoretical provisions. The article specifies the content of the main stages of organizing project activities, the observance of which is necessary to achieve the practical goal set in the course of the project: the stage of formulating the problem, the stage of designing a solution to the problem, the stage of planning the project implementation, the stage of implementation and the final (reflexive) stage. The content of the stage of formulating the problem is considered in detail on the example of the practice-oriented project "Organization of a competition for creating a design for the pedagogical faculty environment". The research materials can be used both in educational and extracurricular work of a pedagogical university.
On the basis of analysis of the regulations clarify the content of the special conditions required for the training of students with disabilities in high school, disclosed the direction of content adaptation elective courses. Details considered methodological approaches to compiling AOPVO.